Choosing skin care products for babies should not be arbitrary. If you choose incorrectly, your baby’s sensitive skin may experience irritation.
It is recommended to choose skin care products specifically formulated for babies. Do not apply products intended for all ages, because this can damage the skin of the Little One which is still thin, smooth and prone to dryness compared to adult skin.
Your baby, especially the newborn, needs skin care products such as baby soap , shampoo, baby oil , lotions, and ointments for diaper rash. Here are a few things you need to know before buying skin care products for your baby:
- Fragrance-free and coloring. Make sure you read the label printed on the packaging. Choose baby skin care products that have no additional fragrance and coloring agents. These substances can irritate your skin and disrupt the respiratory system.
- Avoid antibacterial or antimicrobial products. Both of these substances can indeed kill germs. However, it is recommended not to use an antibacterial or antimicrobial cleaning product on the skin of your dirty baby. The dirty skin can be cleaned by only using mild baby soap or wet tissue that does not contain alcohol.
- Paraben free and phthalate. Parabens are usually used as preservatives, while phthalate is often used as a softener on skin care products. These substances may be dangerous if exposed to the baby’s skin.
- Hypoallergenic . Hypoallergenic writingon the product indicates that the possibility of the Little One experiencing an allergic reaction becomes smaller.
- Alcohol free. This substance can make your baby’s skin dry and may irritate it. On packaging, alcohol is often written as ethyl alcohol (ethanol). This type of alcohol can easily irritate your baby’s skin. Apart from that type, there are also those that are written cetearyl alcohol or fatty alcohol . Well , this type of alcohol does not cause dry or irritated skin.
- Understanding pH. You might often see pH writing on baby skin care product packaging. Well , the pH level indicates how much acid or alkaline the product is. Newborn skin usually changes from neutral pH (pH7) to slightly acidic (pH5). So, it is recommended to choose pH that is close to the pH level of the baby’s skin. Choosing products with a neutral pH level is also not a problem, as long as your baby’s skin is healthy and not dry.
- Choose natural. Chemicals in baby skin care products can irritate the skin. So, choose natural-based ones. However, if your family has a history of allergies or asthma, your baby may be sensitive to products made from plants. So sometimes natural ingredients do not necessarily fit your baby’s skin.
- Choose sunscreen. If your baby is over 6 months old, you can apply all of his body with a sunscreen while on the move in the sun. Choose sunscreens that have the highest SPV levels (minimum SPV 30), and contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide , and read broad-spectrum (can block UVA and UVB rays).
In addition to the above factors, make sure you check the product expiration date and how long the product can last after the packaging is opened. Also note how to use and warnings on the packaging.
Before applying lotion to the skin, it is recommended to do a skin test first, especially if your baby’s skin is dry. Apply a small amount of lotion on his legs and wait for a day to see if the product causes an allergic reaction or not.