Prenatal vitamins are important to be consumed by pregnant women to ensure adequate nutritional requirements when conceived. During pregnancy, your nutritional needs increase. Although nutrients can be obtained from the diet, often not sufficient for you. Therefore, it is advisable to take prenatal vitamins in order to maintain your health and the fetus.
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Eating a healthy diet is the best way to get the nutrients like vitamins and minerals you need. However, it is quite difficult to meet all your nutritional needs and the fetus during pregnancy. In fact, even if you have consumed a variety of foods, including meat, dairy products, vegetables, fruits, grains, and nuts, your nutritional and nutritional needs may still be insufficient.
Familiar with Prenatal Vitamins
Prenatal vitamins are a combination of vitamins and minerals that women need before, during, and after pregnancy, for the health of themselves and their babies.
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Prenatal vitamins generally contain five essential nutrients, folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamins, D, and vitamin E. These types of nutrients have their respective roles. Here’s the explanation:
Folic acid is a type of vitamin B found in many supplements or added to foods, and is a synthetic form of folate. Folic acid as a prenatal vitamin has an important role for you who are pregnant, namely for DNA synthesis when the formation of new cells, support the development of developing infant organs and prevent birth defects such as neural tube defects ( spina bifida ), anensefali, and encephalocele. Pregnant women are advised to consume at least 400 micrograms of folic acid per day.
Dose recommendation to meet the iron requirement in pregnant women is 27 mg per day. Your body uses an iron to produce hemoglobin for you and your baby during pregnancy. Hemoglobin plays an important role, channeling oxygen from the lungs throughout your body and baby. Iron deficiency can cause iron deficiency anemia and also causes babies to be born with low weight, or are born prematurely. Iron is needed when pregnant, because it is essential for fetal and placental growth, especially in the second and third trimesters.
Pregnant women need to consume at least 1000 mg of calcium per day. You need calcium to help the growth of fetal bones and teeth, as well as for nerves, muscles, and also the heart. In addition, prenatal vitamins that contain calcium are also able to protect you from bone loss during pregnancy and to launch your circulatory system.
This one vitamin is closely related to calcium in its role in the process of bone formation and fetal teeth. Pregnant women are advised to consume at least 600 IU of vitamin D per day. According to the study, vitamin D supplementation in pregnant women can help prevent preeclampsia, support fetal neural health in the womb, and optimize levels and function of calcium in pregnant women and fetus.
Vitamin E acts as a fat-soluble antioxidant, protects the body cells from harmful free radicals, and plays an important role in the production of collagen. Collagen is a building protein found in cartilage, tendons, and skin.
When to Take Prenatal Vitamins?
Ideally, prenatal vitamins are consumed before you undertake a pregnancy program. Because when pregnant, this vitamin is very good to support the development and growth of fetal nerve tube in early pregnancy. However, you are also advised to keep taking prenatal vitamins during pregnancy.
It is important to remember that prenatal vitamins are supplements to support the nutritional intake of healthy food menu for expectant mothers and their babies. This vitamin is not a substitute for healthy food menu that you still have to consume every day.
Prenatal vitamins are very important for pregnant women especially with the following conditions:
- Vegetarian or vegan
- Has lactose intolerance or intolerance in other foods
- Have certain blood disorders
- Have eating disorders
- Has a certain chronic disease
- Have had twin pregnancies
- Ever had gastric surgery
Although prenatal vitamins can be found easily in the market, you should still consult a doctor first. Because not all women are fit to consume certain types of prenatal vitamins.
Some prenatal vitamins can make you feel sick. If that happens, discontinue use and consult a physician to obtain prenatal vitamins that match your health condition and Little Person in the womb.