Babies often vomit are actually quite normal, especially if the new baby is a few weeks old. This is because the baby’s stomach is still adjusting to the portion of breast milk or formula milk is taken. However, digestive problems are not the only cause of frequent vomiting.
Vomiting in a baby is a condition of forced stomach discharge. When this happens, babies tend to be fussy. Vomiting that just comes out, usually after breastfeeding, is generally caused by the baby’s stomach can not accommodate the food that enters.
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Various Causes of Frequent Vomiting Babies
There are various causes of a baby’s frequent vomiting, ranging from reasonable to what to watch out for. Among them:
- Eating or drinking too much and fast
As mentioned earlier, the size of the baby’s stomach is still small, it requires adjustments to the portion of milk or food. Babies need to burp so that the food can fit in their stomach. Forcing the baby to eat too much and too quickly can make the baby vomit.
- Having a gag reflex
Babies who have a sensitive gag reflex will tend to regurgitate food or drugs that they do not like. In this case, the baby will regurgitate food immediately after swallowing it.
Having gastric acid disease Gastric acid
disease occurs when the muscle circle between the esophagus and stomach in the baby is still developing. Gastric acid disease can cause food from the stomach to rise back into the esophagus, and can also make it hiccup. Sometimes food that returns to the esophagus goes a little into the throat so that the child coughs.
- Having digestive disorders
Babies often vomit suddenly accompanied by diarrhea, can indicate a gastroenteritis digestive disorder . This condition is often caused by viral infections, and sometimes also by bacteria and parasites.
- Allergies to milk or food
Babies who vomit after breastfeeding may experience protein allergies, both in breast milk and formula milk. This condition arises because the baby’s immune system overreacts to the protein in the milk it drinks. Cases of milk allergy are rarely found in infants, but if this happens to your baby, immediately consult a pediatrician.
- Milk or food intolerance
Because the symptoms are similar, it is clinically difficult to distinguish whether vomiting in infants is caused by allergies or milk intolerance . Unlike allergies, this condition occurs because babies find it difficult to digest lactose found in cow’s milk because babies do not have enough digestive enzymes to digest lactose.
- Pyloric stenosis Pyloric
stenosis occurs because the muscle that controls the valve that leads from the stomach to the intestine thickens. This makes food and milk unable to flow into the intestine, so that it remains stuck in the stomach or even rises to the esophagus. Conditions that usually occur within 30 minutes after eating, are generally experienced by babies around 6 weeks old, but can occur at any time before the age of 4 months. Because this condition can cause other health problems, such as dehydration and malnutrition, your baby needs doctor’s care as soon as possible.
- Having a serious illness
Babies often vomit, especially after breastfeeding, is a natural thing. But that does not mean parents can ignore this condition, because vomiting can also be a symptom of meningitis, urinary tract infection, or appendicitis. The accompanying symptoms of vomiting that need to be watched out for in infants are fever, weakness, unwillingness to drink, and spasms.
How to Overcome Frequent Vomiting Babies
How to deal with a baby often vomiting, especially vomiting after eating or breastfeeding, is enough to help him belch. Carry the baby in an upright position 30 minutes after eating. Position the baby on your chest, so that his chin rests on your shoulder. Support your head with your hand, while your other hand gently patters Little’s back.
In addition, you can also do the following methods, according to the cause of the baby’s frequent vomiting:
- Mute your child with food slowly.
- For babies who can consume MPASI or solid foods, make the texture of the food become more dense so that it is not easily spewed back.
- If vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea, replace the lost fluid by giving ORS. Giving ORS should be consulted with a doctor first. After that, suck the little one as usual.
- If the baby often vomits after formula feeding, you can switch to soy-based formula milk or special formula that does not contain lactose.
- If your child is diagnosed with pyloric stenosis, this condition can be treated with surgery.
Some conditions to watch out for infrequent cases of vomiting are vomiting blood, vomiting yellow or green, vomiting accompanied by coughing or choking, vomiting with high fever, and endless vomiting for 12 hours. You should also immediately check your child to a pediatrician, if you lose weight due to a lot of food wasted when vomiting.
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