Cancer of the cervix or cervical cancer, it is often not preceded by typical symptoms. Therefore, women are important to know the ways that can be done to maintain the health of the cervix. Come on, find out what can be done.
Cervix is a cylindrical tissue that connects the vagina to the uterus. This cervix plays a role in producing mucus that protects the uterus, and also helps fertilize. Given the importance of the role of this organ, it is also important for you to know how to treat cervical health.
Maintaining Cervical Health
Not only adult women, preventing cervical cancer can begin as a teenager. Come see the steps:
- Getting HPV vaccination since adolescence
Women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) can experience cervical dysplasia . If you are infected with a type of HPV virus that is classified as high-risk or high risk, this condition can develop into cervical cancer . This is the importance of carrying out the HPV vaccine as a preventative measure.
This vaccine is not only available for married women, you know. In fact, the most effective HPV vaccine is given to young women from the age of 9-13 years or before sexually active women.
- Take a pap smear check
Examination pap smear done regularly in women who have been sexually active. The goal is an act of early detection of cervical cancer.
You can get this examination in a medical laboratory or hospital. Generally since the age of 21 years a woman needs to start doing pap smears at least once every 3 years until the age of 65 years.
- Carry out a follow-up examination as recommended by the doctor
After the pap smear test results come out, follow the doctor’s instructions. For example, do you need a pap smear for the next 6 months or need to do a further examination, such as a colposcopy examination.
Colposcopy is a follow-up examination if an abnormality is found in the results of the pap smear test . At the same time, a biopsy may also be performed , which is taking tissue samples from the cervix for further examination.
- Have safe and healthy sexual relations
HPV often spreads through risky sexual intercourse, namely multiple sex partners or not using a condom as a safeguard.
Although not 100% protective, but having safe sex by using a condom can help reduce the risk of the spread of HPV infection. Even better if you are loyal to your partner and have a healthy sexual relationship.
Cancer of the cervix detected early, generally has a higher success rate of treatment. Immediately check with your doctor if you experience abnormal symptoms such as pain during intercourse, bleeding after sexual intercourse , or long, excessive, or menstrual bleeding between menstrual periods.
No less important, apply a healthy lifestyle everyday to prevent cervical cancer. Do regular exercise to maintain a normal body weight, stop smoking cigarette smoke and consume lots of vegetables and fruits.